Traditional vehicles often have a frame-based chassis, which consists of longitudinal rails that support the vehicle's weight and provide structural integrity. In contrast, modern cars may have unibody (monocoque) construction, where the chassis and body are integrated into a single structure.
The chassis provides mounting points for the engine, transmission, suspension components, and other critical systems.
A well-designed chassis is crucial for the strength and rigidity of the vehicle. It affects the overall handling, stability, and safety.
Strength and Rigidity:
Some hybrid vehicles use unique transmission systems, such as continuously variable transmissions (CVTs) or electrically variable transmissions (EVTs). Hybrid car services may include maintenance or repairs to these specialized transmissions.
These components absorb and distribute the energy from bumps and uneven road surfaces. Common types of springs include coil springs and leaf springs.
Shock absorbers control the motion of the springs, preventing the vehicle from bouncing excessively. They help maintain tire contact with the road.
Shock Absorbers (Dampers):
A type of suspension assembly that combines the functions of a spring and a shock absorber. Struts are often used in the front suspension of many vehicles.
These are structural components that connect the suspension to the chassis. They help control the movement of the wheels and maintain proper alignment.
Sway bars reduce body roll during cornering by connecting the suspension components on either side of the vehicle.
Sway Bars (Stabilizer Bars):
These are flexible connectors that help isolate vibrations and noise, providing a smoother ride.