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  • Absorb and dampen shocks from the road, enhancing ride comfort and stability.

Shock Absorbers/Struts:

  • Support the vehicle's weight and absorb impacts, contributing to a smoother ride.

Springs:

  • Connect the wheel hub to the frame, allowing vertical movement while maintaining stability.

Control Arms:

  • Reduces body roll during cornering, enhancing stability.

Sway Bar (Stabilizer Bar):

  • Provide cushioning and flexibility to suspension components, reducing vibrations and noise.

Bushings:

Suspension System Components:

  • Converts rotational motion from the steering wheel into lateral movement to steer the wheels.

Steering Gear/Rack and Pinion:

  • Assists in steering effort by applying hydraulic pressure to aid wheel movement.

Power Steering Pump and Fluid:

  • Connect the steering gear to the wheel hubs, transmitting steering input.

Tie Rods:

  • Connect the control arms to the steering knuckles, allowing for movement.

Ball Joints:

  • Transmit steering input from the steering wheel to the steering gear.

Steering Column and Shaft:

Steering System Components:

  • Misaligned wheels or worn suspension components can lead to uneven tire wear.

Uneven Tire Wear:

  • Vibrations felt in the steering wheel or vehicle may indicate issues with the suspension or steering components.

Vibrations or Shimmies:

  • If the vehicle tends to drift or pull to one side, it may be a sign of alignment or steering issues.

Pulling to One Side:

  • Clunks, squeaks, or rattles when going over bumps may indicate worn or damaged suspension components.

Noise Over Bumps:

  • Excessive play or looseness in the steering wheel may suggest problems with the steering gear or linkage.

Steering Wheel Play:

  • Fluid leaks around the power steering pump or hoses may lead to power steering issues.

Leaking Power Steering Fluid:

  • Difficulty turning the steering wheel, especially at low speeds, may indicate problems with the power steering system.

Difficulty Steering:

  • Excessive body roll during turns may suggest issues with the sway bar or suspension components.

Swaying or Body Roll:

Common Suspension and Steering Issues: